There are several Federal laws that prohibit employment discrimination against disabled employees, former employees or applicants for employment:
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, Titles I and V prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with a disability by private employers, state and local government, employment agencies, and labor unions in job application procedures, hiring, firing, advancement, compensation, job training and other terms, conditions, and privileges of employment.
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Sections 501 and 505 incorporates the requirements of the ADA. This Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of mental and physical disability. It requires Federal agencies to make reasonable accommodation for the known physical or mental limitations of a qualified disabled applicant or employee, unless the agency can demonstrate that the accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the agency.
Executive Order 13164 requires Federal agencies to establish procedures to facilitate the provisions of Reasonable Accommodations.
Executive Order 13163 increases the opportunity for individuals with disabilities to be employed in the Federal government.
These Federal laws require that an agency shall make reasonable accommodation for the known physical and/or mental limitations of an applicant or employee who is a qualified individual with a disability unless the agency can demonstrate that the accommodation would pose an undue hardship on the agency. Reasonable accommodation may include, but is not limited to:
The following terms are defined by Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1630:
Reasonable accommodation may include but is not limited to
Individual with a Disability - A person who:
Qualified Individual with A Disability
An individual with a disability who satisfies the requisite skill, experience, education and other job-related requirements of the employment position such individual holds or desires, and who, with or without reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of such position.
Physical or Mental Impairment
Requesting a Reasonable Accommodation under Section 504
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 states: No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States. . .shall, solely by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program, service or activity receiving federal financial assistance or under any program or activity conducted by any Executive agency or by the United States Postal Service.
Individuals requiring a reasonable accommodation must explain what type of accommodation is being requested and explain the relationship between the requested accommodation and his or her disability. The request should be requested as soon as it appears that the accommodation is needed. However, requests may be made at any time.An individual requesting a reasonable accommodation should contact the Office of Equal Employment Opportunity and Diversity Advancement at firstname.lastname@example.org
Reasonable Accommodation Procedures
Please follow the Department of the Treasury's guidance.